The Basics of Orthodontics

Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, management, and prevention of malpositioned teeth. It also deals with the correction of bite patterns and the alteration of facial growth. Some types of orthodontics involve surgery and/or the use of appliances. In addition to orthodontics, a dentist may practice 韓国ホワイトニング

Treatment options for malocclusions

There are a number of different treatment options available to correct malocclusions. This condition can cause crooked or misaligned teeth, as well as affect chewing and speaking. It can also damage tooth enamel. Treatment options for malocclusions can include a variety of methods, including braces, dental X-rays, and orthodontic treatment. The most common types of malocclusions are class one, retrognathism, and prognathism. While class one malocclusions are the most common, the more serious ones may need surgery.

Lower canine malocclusions are among the most common types of malocclusions in dogs and cats. Regardless of the type of malocclusion, treatment is usually indicated for health reasons, and not cosmetic ones. Dento-alveolar malocclusion is the result of abnormal tooth position, while baso-skeletal malocclusion results from a discrepancy in the length of the jaws. Malocclusions can also be caused by hereditary influences, and can occur in the primary or permanent dentition. Treatment for malocclusions depends on the type of malocclusion, as well as its severity.

Procedures used by an orthodontist

An orthodontist uses various techniques to straighten teeth. This includes fitting bands and brackets to the teeth with special orthodontic cement. X-rays are also used to see the relative positions of the jaws and face. During this appointment, you will meet with an orthodontist to discuss your treatment options. After you have discussed the process with your orthodontist, a mold of your bite will be made. Your orthodontist will then make ligature bands to secure your braces in place.

In most cases, an orthodontist will start treatment when a child is two to five years old. Treatment can take from a few months to two and a half years, depending on the severity of the problem. Some changes may require surgical corrections. Afterwards, most patients will wear retainers to prevent their teeth from moving again. Once your orthodontist completes your treatment, you’ll need to wear them for a certain period of time to keep them in their new positions.

Common appliances used in orthodontics

There are several types of common orthodontic appliances, each designed to treat a specific type of orthodontic problem. Some appliances are removable, while others are fixed and must be removed as recommended. Functional appliances are used to reposition the lower jaw so the bite develops properly and teeth can grow together. The most effective use of these appliances occurs during childhood, although they can also be used in adulthood. Here is an overview of the most common types of orthodontic appliances and their uses.

Bionators are removable devices worn by patients that move the lower jaw forward. Generally, these are desirable for patients who have an overjet malocclusion. Bionators are made of acrylic with an upper portion that rests behind the front teeth, while the lower part contacts the bottom teeth. Their inclined shape causes the lower jaw to move forward. This appliance may be uncomfortable, but it is effective for treating overbites. It can be worn twenty-four hours a day for about nine months.

Maintenance during treatment

Maintaining the results of your orthodontic treatment is a key part of your overall dental health. After your braces have been removed, your new teeth will need regular maintenance to stay in place. Otherwise, they can shift out of place and you will lose your new smile. Here are some tips for maintaining your new smile during orthodontic treatment. And don’t forget to practice good oral hygiene! During the first few months after treatment, you should avoid eating any sugary or sticky foods. These foods can make your braces stick to the brackets and cause decay.

During orthodontic treatment, a patient’s teeth will undergo resorption, a condition of the enamel that is the precursor to cavitation. It occurs in about 50% of orthodontic patients and is most common in the maxillary incisors. In some patients, lesions may appear in four weeks. Some risk factors include genetic predisposition and the duration of treatment. The length and shape of the root are also risk factors for resorption.